Fifteen migratory mammal species are subject of concern under the Central Asian Mammal Initiative (CAMI). Another three have been proposed to be included to the list additionally, namely the Urial, Persian Leopard, and Gobi Bear. This was a decision taken at the 2nd Range State Meeting of the CAMI member states under the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS) in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia 26-28 September 2019. Most of the species are IUCN red-listed and threatened by multiple harms, such as poaching, cutting off migration routes due to linear infrastructure development or competition for habitats with livestock.

To counteract these harms an action plan 2020-2026 for each species has been elaborated by experts and CAMI state parties in Mongolia. The action plan is planned to be adopted and to enter into force at the next Conference of the Parties (COP 13) of the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS) in February 2020 in India.

Te meeting in Mongolia has been jointly organized by the CMS Secretariat, the Government of Mongolia, the International Academy for Nature Conservation of the German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN INA) as well as the Michael Succow Foundation, under the Central Asian Desert Initiative (CADI) with funding from the German Ministry of the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU).